युनिकोड नेपालीमा कमेन्ट लेख्न चाहनुहुन्छ?

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पृथ्वीनारायण शाहको लुकाइएको इतिहास

[इतिहास जित्नेहरुको घोडा हो भनिन्छ। अर्थात् जित्नेहरुले आफ्नो पक्षमा ढाल्छन् इतिहासलाई। जसको शक्ति उसको भक्ति। पुष्प मुनकःमिको यो लेखमा हामीलाई सानैदेखि पढाइएको 'महान्' राजाको लुकाइएको इतिहासका बारेमा केही तथ्य रहेका छन्। यी तथ्यहरुबाट शाहवंशको जग कुन हदसम्मको क्रुरताबाट खनिएको थियो भन्ने प्रष्ट हुन्छ।]

-पुष्प मुनकःमि-
* पृथ्वीनारायण शाह राजा भइसकेपछि र प्रधानहरु कान्तिपुर नगई बाटैमा विदा हुन लागेका बेला उनले उनीहरुलाई त्यहीँ मारेर उनीहरुको सर्वस्व हरण गरेका थिए। अर्थात् पृथ्वीनारायण शाहको नियत भनेको आफू सत्तामा आइसकेपछि त्यहाँकाहरुलाई सफाया गर्ने थियो, चाहे ती उनलाई सहयोग गर्ने हुन् वा प्रतिरोध गर्ने।
* त्यतिबेला जंगबहादुरले लखनउ विद्रोह दबाएपछि जति लुटपाट गरेका थिए, त्योभन्दा चर्को रुपमा उपत्यकामा उनले लुटपाट मच्चाएका थिए। उनका सेनाले हस्तलिखित १ हजार अमूल्य ग्रन्थ पनि खात लगाई जलाइदिएका थिए।
* राज्यस्तरबाट पुरातात्विक सामान नष्ट गर्ने अभियान आधुनिक कालसम्म पनि जारी नै थियो। पुरातात्विक सामान, मूर्ति आदि चोरेर, चोर्न लगाएर विदेशमा निर्यात भइरह्यो। नत्रभने भक्तपुरको तलेजु मन्दिर भित्र रहेको मूलढोकाबाट भित्र नछिर्ने दुई वटा गजुर हराउने थिएनन्, २४ घण्टा सेनाको पहरा भएको ठाउँमा भएको सुन्धारामा रहेको मकर चोरेर लगिँदैन थियो। नत्र भने कसको तागत थियो क्रेन लिएर भूपतिन्द्र मल्लको शालिक चोर्न जाने ?
* राजाले भोजमा बोलाएर त्यहाँबाट फर्किएकाहरुलाई गल्लीगल्लीमा पहरा राखिएका सेनाले धमाधम काटेर नरसंहार गरेका थिए।
* त्यसैले फ्रेञ्च इतिहासकार सिल्भाँ लेभीले भनेका यी गोरखाली भनेका समयभन्दा अति क्रुर अथवा दानीका रुपमा अगाडि आउनसक्ने द्वैध चरित्रका शासकहरु हुन्।

हाम्रो इतिहासमा कान्तिपुरका राजा जयप्रकाश मल्लले भारतमा रहेका बेलायती सैनिकहरुसित सैनिक सहयोग मागेको र त्यसै कारण मेजर किनलोकको नेतृत्वमा आएको विदेशी सेनालाई पृथ्वीनारायण शाहले बाटैमा आक्रमण गरी विदेशी प्रभावले मुक्त गरेको भनी लेखिएको छ। तर, पृथ्वीनारायण शाहलाई युरोपले सामरिक स्रोत साधन दिएर सहयोग गरेका थिए। ब्रिटिस कम्पनी सरकारले गोरखाका राजालाई अनुशासनको महत्व सिकाएर युरोपेली व्यापारीमार्फत् हातहतियार दिएर सहयोग गरेका हुन्। त्यही हतियारको सहयोगबाट तीन पटकको आक्रमणमा धोका दिएर उनले कीर्तिपुर जितेका हुन्।

ललितपुरका पाँच प्रधान (मन्त्री)हरुले पृथ्वीनारायण शाहलाई राजा बन्न आमन्त्रण गरेका थिए। पृथ्वीनारायण शाह राजा भइसकेपछि र प्रधानहरु कान्तिपुर नगई बाटैमा विदा हुन लागेका बेला उनले उनीहरुलाई त्यहीँ मारेर उनीहरुको सर्वस्व हरण गरेका थिए। अर्थात् पृथ्वीनारायण शाहको नियत भनेको आफू सत्तामा आइसकेपछि त्यहाँकाहरुलाई सफाया गर्ने थियो, चाहे ती उनलाई सहयोग गर्ने हुन् वा प्रतिरोध गर्ने।

गोरखालीहरुको यस्तो सन्काहा कामकारबाहीले गर्दा नै चिनियाँ सम्राट किएन लोङ (सन् १७३६-१७९६) ले आफ्ना उत्तराधिकारीहरुलाई यसो भनेका थिए- “अति नभएसम्म गोरखाको मामलामा हस्तक्षेप नगर्नू”

भक्तपुर पनि जितिसकेपछि पृथ्वीनारायण शाहले यहाँ निकै लुटपाट मच्चाएका थिए। इतिहासकार पुरुषोत्तमलोचन श्रेष्ठका अनुसार त्यतिबेला जंगबहादुरले लखनउ विद्रोह दबाएपछि जति लुटपाट गरेका थिए, त्योभन्दा चर्को रुपमा यहाँ उनले लुटपाट मच्चाएका थिए। उनका सेनाले हस्तलिखित १ हजार अमूल्य ग्रन्थ पनि खात लगाई जलाइदिएका थिए। त्यसमा तन्त्रशास्त्र, रसायनशास्त्र, ज्योतिषशास्त्र, आयुर्वेद ग्रन्थ, शब्द विद्याशास्त्र (ध्वनिसम्बन्धि पुस्तक) आदि रहेका थिए। नेपालमा क्रिश्चियन धर्म प्रचार गर्नका लागि आएका कयापुचिनहरुले ६० वर्षसम्म नेपालमा बसेका बेला हजारौँ हस्तलिखित पुस्तक जलाएर गर्व गरेका थिए। मल्लकालमा हिन्दु धर्म प्रचार गर्नका लागि भारतबाट आएका शंकराचार्यले बुध्द धर्मसम्बन्धी ७०० ग्रन्थ जलाइदिएका थिए। त्यसैले पृथ्वीनारायण शाह र विदेशीमा के भिन्नता भयो ?

पृथ्वीनारायण शाहले उपत्यका विजय गरेपछि विदेशी क्रिश्चियनहरुलाई मात्र हैन, ललितपुरका १२ स्थानीय बासिन्दा क्रिश्चियनहरुलाई समेत देश निकाला गरेका थिए, अनि बौध्दमार्गीहरुलाई हेला गर्ने क्रम सुरु गरेका थिए। जबकि उपत्यकाका आदिवासी भनेका बौध्दमार्गीहरु पनि हुन्।

राज्य जसले जिते पनि ग्रन्थ भनेको सबैको साझा हुन्। तर विजयको नशामा पागल भएका शासकले यस्तो कुरालाई विचार गरेनन्। त्यति पुस्तक जलाइसकेपछि पनि बाँकी भएका पुस्तकहरु मात्र वीर शमशेरको पालामा पुस्तकालय बनाएर राष्ट्रिय अभिलेखालयमा राखिएका हुन्। यहाँ के कुरा पनि भन्न जरुरी छ भने राज्यस्तरबाट पुरातात्विक सामान नष्ट गर्ने अभियान आधुनिक कालसम्म पनि जारी नै थियो। पुरातात्विक सामान, मूर्ति आदि चोरेर, चोर्न लगाएर विदेशमा निर्यात भइरह्यो। नत्रभने भक्तपुरको तलेजु मन्दिर भित्र रहेको मूलढोकाबाट भित्र नछिर्ने दुई वटा गजुर हराउने थिएनन्, २४ घण्टा सेनाको पहरा भएको ठाउँमा भएको सुन्धारामा रहेको मकर चोरेर लगिँदैन थियो। नत्र भने कसको तागत थियो क्रेन लिएर भूपतिन्द्र मल्लको शालिक चोर्न जाने ?

मल्लकालमा अ‍ौद्योगिक क्रान्तिको वातावरण तयार भइसकेको थियो, तर पृथ्वीनारायण शाहले गरेर आजसम्म हुन सकेन भन्ने तथ्यलाई यसबाट पनि पुष्टि हुन्छ कि मल्लहरुले राम्राराम्रा नक्साहरु समेत बनाएर विकास गरिसकेका थिए, जसको सुरुवात जयस्थिति मल्लले गरेका थिए। त्यस्तो नक्साहरुलाई अंग्रेजहरुले समेत प्रशंसा गरेका थिए। त्यही नक्साका आधारमा गोरखालीहरुलाई अरु ठाउँहरुमा हमला गर्न पनि निकै काम आयो। त्यसैगरी थ्यासफूमा कोरिएको भक्तपुरको न्यातपोल मन्दिरको चित्र, जुन जर्मन नागरिक बर्नहार्ड कोल्भरको हातमा पुगिसकेको छ, आजभोलि युरोपमा प्रयोग भइरहेको मोडुल स्केलमा कोरिएको हो। त्यतिबेलै भवनको नक्सा बनाउने बेलामा यस्तो स्केल राम्रोसित प्रयोग भइसकेको यसले देखाउँछ। यसबाट प्रष्ट हुन्छ कि नेपालको वास्तुकलाको विकास चरण कति माथि पुगिसकेको थियो भनी।

यहाँ पुनः स्मरण गराउँ कि त्यतिबेला नेपाल (उपत्यका) ले तिब्बतका लागि मुद्रा छापेर त्यता पठाउने र त्यस वापत् नेपाललाई राजस्व आउने गर्थ्यो। तर पृथ्वीनारायण शाहले त्यसलाई निरन्तरता दिन सकेनन्, साथसाथै व्यापारमा पनि धेरै कर बढाए। हिन्दुस्तान र तिब्बतबीच व्यापार गर्ने व्यापारीहरुलाई पनि देशनिकाला गरिदिए। अनि ठूल्ठूला व्यापारीहरु पनि व्यापार गर्नका लागि अरु देशमा गए। सन् १७७४ मा नेपालमा तिब्बतसित कारोबार गर्ने दुई वटा मात्र कश्मिरी पसल बाँकी रहेको थियो। पृथ्वीनारायण शाहको कानुन, नियम पालना नगर्ने व्यापारीहरुको कान काटेर देश निकाला गरिन्थ्यो। ता-सि-लुन-पोया तेसु लामा (दलाई लामापछिका दोस्रा लामा) ले नेपालका राजालाई पत्र समेत पठाएका थिए यसो भनेर-”हिन्दू होस् वा मुसलमान, सबै व्यापारी तपाईँदेखि डराउँछन्, कोही पनि तपाईँको देशमा बस्न राजी छैनन्।”

भक्तपुर जितेपछि यहाँ यति दमन बढ्यो कि मानिसहरु बस्न नसकेर आफ्नो ठाउँ छाडेर भाग्नु पर्‍यो। आजभोलि नेपालका विभिन्न जिल्लामा रहेका बहुसंख्यक उपत्यकावासीहरु पृथ्वीनारायण शाहको कोपभाजनबाट जोगिनका लागि भागेकाहरु हुन्। आजभोलि पनि वृध्दवृध्दाहरु सुनाउने गर्छन् छलफलका लागि भनेर राजाले भोजमा बोलाएर त्यहाँबाट फर्किएकाहरुलाई गल्लीगल्लीमा पहरा राखिएका सेनाले धमाधम काटेर नरसंहार गरेका थिए। दोस्रो पटकको कीर्तिपुर हमला असफल भएपछि भक्तपुर वरपर रहेको गौकोटमा पृथ्वीनारायण शाहले हमला गरेको बेलामा त्यो ठाउँमा सशक्त प्रतिकार भएको थियो। १५ दिनसम्म भएको त्यो युध्दमा ३३२ जना गोरखा सैनिकको मृत्यु भएको थियो। पछि उनीहरुले जितिसकेपछि त्यो सिङ्गो गाउँलाई जलाइदिए। त्यतिबेला चौकोट युध्दको नेतृत्व गर्ने महिन्द्र सिंहले वीरगति प्राप्त गरेका थिए। त्यसैको बदला लिन पृथ्वीनारायण शाहले त्यस्तो नरसंहार गरेको हुनुपर्छ। पृथ्वीनारायण शाहले भक्तपुर आक्रमण गर्नुअगाडि भित्र्याउने तयारीमा रहेको धानमा आगो लगाएर अन्न सबै जलाउन लगाएका थिए। अनि भक्तपुर जितिसकेपछि पनि नरसंहार जारी राखेकोले बचेका पुरुषहरु भाग्नुपरेको कृषि कार्य गर्ने पुरुषहरुको अभावमा अनिकाल समेत भएको थियो। तत्कालीन राज्यका काजी (मन्त्री) हरु (धौकाजी, ध्वँकाजी, भौकाजी, तिमिलाकाजी) मध्य प्रमाणका रुपमा अगाडि आएका तिमिलाकाजीका बारेमा तथ्य यस प्रकार रहेको छ।

विक्रम संवत् १८२६ मा राजा रणजित मल्ललाई कैद गरिसकेपछि तिमिलाको चल अचल सम्पति बेच्न, किन्न, भोगचलन गर्न र व्यापारसमेत गर्न नमिल्ने गरी पृथ्वीनारायण शाहले घोषणा गरेका थिए। पछि राजाले तिमिला काजीसित १८ हजार यानी राष्ट्रिय आम्दानीको ०.७२ प्रतिशत सलामी लिएर त्यसलाई छाड्न आदेश दिएका थिए। पछि एक मध्यस्थकर्ताको सहयोगले बिन्तिभाव गरेर १८१ रुपैयाँ अर्थात् राष्ट्रिय आम्दानीको ०.००६ प्रतिशत जरिवाना तिरेर बिना अपराध क्षमा माग्न लगाएर पृथ्वीनारायण शाहले अरु पैसा माफी गरिदिएको व्यहोराको पंजाछाप (लालमोहर) राखर फारखती गरिदिए, विसं १८२७ साल फागुन सुदी १३ रोज ४ दिनमा भक्तपुरमा बसेर। यो फारखतीको कागज अहिलेसम्म पनि भक्तपुरको दरबारक्षेत्र निवासी चक्रराज तिमिलासित छ।

भक्तपुर तमारी न्यातपोल पश्चिम बस्ने भाजुमुनि तिमिलालाई पनि यसै गरिएको थियो। पछि १८ हजार रुपैयाँ सलामी लिएर छाडिदिन आदेश दिएका रहेछन्। उनलाई पनि एक मध्यस्थकर्ताको सहयोगमा ५१ रुपैयाँ जरिवाना तिराएर बाँकी सबै माफी गरेको भनी सम्पति फिर्ता दिए, विसं १८२७ साल अगहन सुदि १५ रोज १ मा काठमाडौंमा कागज गरेर।

अर्थात् गल्ती नै नगरी गल्ती गरेको भनी बलजफ्ती स्वीकार गर्न लगाएर जरिवाना तिर्न लगाए। कर्क प्याट्रिकका अनुसार सन् १९७२ (विसं १८४९) मा नेपालको वार्षिक आम्दानी २५-३० लाख मानिएको छ। त्यो १५१ रुपैयाँको मूल्य त्यतिबेला कति थियो होला ?

त्यसैले फ्रेञ्च इतिहासकार सिल्भाँ लेभीले भनेका यी गोरखाली भनेका समयभन्दा अति क्रुर अथवा दानीका रुपमा अगाडि आउनसक्ने द्वैध चरित्रका शासकहरु हुन्। उनीहरुको त्यस्तै जालझेल अनि शंकास्पद कामहरुका कारण नै ब्रिटिशहरुले दिक्क मानेर नेपालविरुध्द आक्रमण गरेका थिए। सन् १८१४ मा। (फ्रेञ्च र बेलायत त्यतिबेला आफ्नो राज्य सीमा विस्तार गर्ने क्रममा युध्द भएका देशहरु हुन्, जसका फ्रेञ्चहरु पराजित भएका थिए। त्यसैले फ्रेञ्चहरुले ब्रिटिशहरुको पक्ष लिएर इतिहास लेख्दैनन्) यसका कारण दुई वर्षसम्म नेपाल इस्ट इन्डिया कम्पनीसित लड्नु परेको थियो भने नेपालको तीन भागको एक भाग भूभाग समेत गुमाउनु पर्‍यो। नेपालको भूभाग गुम्नुको गल्ती पनि उनीहरुकै थियो। त्यसैले सिल्भाँ लेभीले भनेको- गोरखा भनेका स्पष्ट वक्ता बोल्नका लागि, तर बेइमान जाति हुन्। धोका दिने काममा निकै माथि। (क्रमशः)

94 comments to पृथ्वीनारायण शाहको लुकाइएको इतिहास

  • rohit

    As written here the hsitory are led done by the stronger and the winner , well it may be right but only the statement will no give the verification about the above statement but there should be the evidence too to support the statement . so it is better to have more evidence rather than to comment and giving the statement

    मन परे हरियो, नपरे रातो Thumb up 6 Thumb down 3

  • rohit

    yes , it may be right but as the saying of the winner only let down the history .the statement written may be like that but only to verify the statement , something needs some proof so it is better to verify it rather by evidence not by the saying and statement

    मन परे हरियो, नपरे रातो Thumb up 1 Thumb down 1

  • A Nepali Musalman from Syangja

    The comment on Muslims and their entry in Nepal made by Newar from UK and infidel are quite ridiculous. Newar is now in UK, his comments compel him to return to Nepal. Morally he is supposed to come back to Nepal. Don’t blame Muslim for just for living in Nepal for last 200 years.

    मन परे हरियो, नपरे रातो Thumb up 0 Thumb down 2

  • deepa

    comments are getting more interesting than the real article.

    Anyways, Nepal is a unified country now, so we should be happy about that. We should think about making good future for Nepal rather than digging the past.

    मन परे हरियो, नपरे रातो Thumb up 1 Thumb down 0

  • thanks for trurh.

    मन परे हरियो, नपरे रातो Thumb up 0 Thumb down 3

  • Thanks,
    1. I would like to mention one event of brutal killing of Prithvi Shaha. Immediately after departure of Ranajit Malla to Kashi, Prithvi’s army gathered many members of Mallas and higher officials of Bhaktapur were brought to a house located North East of Durbar square of Bhaktapur, took them all to the buingal (4th floor) and burnt them brutally. Those who could save themselves left Bhaktapur and never dared to write their surname as “Malla” rather called themselves “Pradhananga”.

    2. Some of the newari religious songs that describe brutality of Shaha rulers are still sang in Bhajan Khalas in Kath valley which they call ” hale majyugu mye” or songs that are not allowed to sing. One song that describes brutality of rana bdr Shaha is still popular among Newars.

    3. Late King Mahendra personally came to Taleju of Bhaktapur, talked to senior citizens of Bhajan Khalas there and opened Kumarichowk and took all jewels and valuables in 1961. The bhajan khala members still remeber the event. They were replied that it could not be disclosed where those were taken for security reasons.

    4. The deposits of Shahas in Swiss bank expected to be recovered by Nepal Govt after the elected govt is installed in a republic Nepal. Cambodian Govt. got nearly 400 million $ from the bank after UN supervised election was over and an elected govt was established.

    Rudra Malla
    Bhaktapur

    मन परे हरियो, नपरे रातो Thumb up 1 Thumb down 2

  • shekhar

    Can somebody please put up an english version of this crackpot article. thanks.

    मन परे हरियो, नपरे रातो Thumb up 2 Thumb down 1

  • Kumar

    Yeah, thats good to come up with the those history which was initially published as golden era. It was grand mistake to consider thoses as golden as because of that people of Nepal suffered so much in last hundreds of year. Also I believe that its time for reconcillation and moving together to make Nepal better place to live. It has to be born in mind.

    Kumar
    Trondheim, Norway

    मन परे हरियो, नपरे रातो Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0

  • amrit

    interesting but not believable

    मन परे हरियो, नपरे रातो Thumb up 1 Thumb down 0

  • Dambar

    Hello jee this message is almost true and acording to my knowladge every one does same after wining the game and history read only for winner not for lose one same happen here becouse if we lose Jana andolan 2062 then girija prasad wouldn’t priminister and kind suppose not to sole his power so just take easy and hope that Darbar Hatyakanda will come one like this. thanks

    मन परे हरियो, नपरे रातो Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0

  • ram lal singh

    The article is fact, thank you mr munakarmi. There are many untold history about shah rulers and 104 years of rana oligarchi. There is no doubt that myth of unification was coined by mahendra shah and his cronies. it is possible that so called ‘Secret Sermon’ by ph shah was writen in same period. I can’t believe that so many people still thinks brutal warlord pn shah unified the nepal.

    another possibility is that east india company helped the ph shah in other to gain control the tibetal business. pn shah did tried to stop the local business with tibet to please the east india company.

    you can imagine what was pn shah’s kingdom looked like, just look at present day their original palace at gurkha. there is absolutely noway he can carry out the expansion of gurkha kingdom, which he renamed nepal shamelessly. obviously he feeled inferior.

    it is well known fact that east india company helped jung bahadur rana to carry out the massacre. the reason is same, to put the local business with tibet. we all know that rana disallow the business with tibet by preventing the nepali route (this is one of remaining silk route at that time) to tibet. at the same time east indian company open route from sikkim.

    writing proper history and reconciliation is the only way we can go ahead.

    मन परे हरियो, नपरे रातो Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0

  • Prabhat

    I really appriciate this blog, well, anyway until its’ evidences, it will be only a rumer. Whatever, Pritvinarayan shah did by that time, it was only for his goodness; and became a black spot on the Nepal’s history which has been camoflag by follower shah dynastys, and we had been faceing the conciconses of it so far. But, now question is arise, do we have courage to dare to re-present the history, or just accept the things we’ve been listing so far. At lest, I don’t believe on “Lakir Ka Fakir”. We are We because we can THINK, it’s good; but critical thinker is best.

    मन परे हरियो, नपरे रातो Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0

  • Newar from UK

    Cummon I am not a fanatic (I am almost an infidel myself…ha ha), I am just a Newar.

    I am not sure if Muslims that you mentioned turned against Malla kings. However, it is quite clear that even lot of Newars had supported and were spying for Prithivi Narayan Shah before he captured Kathmandu, hoping for a better and unified Nepal.

    Long before he captured Kathmandu, he had used lot of newars to find secrets of Kathmandu valley.

    However, I am quite skeptical if these Newars did the right thing by trusting PN Shah.

    मन परे हरियो, नपरे रातो Thumb up 2 Thumb down 1

  • infidel

    Ah, actually I was under impression that you were trying to associate the entry of Muslims in Nepal with Prithivi Narayan Shah. Sorry for that.

    The Muslims you’re talking about are known as Churaute(hill Muslims) and they were hired by Rajas of chaubise rajya. It is possible that they were used when these rajyas were annexed in Gorkha. But it is proven that the Muslims who were hired by the Mallas were forced to cooperate with PN.

    I know you will find it difficult to believe but when Mallas made a mistake of importing Indian Muslims to work as courtiers and counsellors from the Mughal courts in Delhi, that lead a big rivalry with Newar nobles at that time. These courtiers did not last long and returned to India but new lot came as expert in arts and perfumes. And historians believe they were also there to protect King Ratna Malla from rebellious relatives and senior court officials.

    And the rest is history ;) … it is upto us how we are going to take it or believe it.

    मन परे हरियो, नपरे रातो Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0

  • Newar from UK

    We all need to learn from pass mistakes.

    History is like a milestone which guides you to the future.

    So, lets not just stop talking about things just in the name of Nepalese integrity. Of course, we all love our country, however we should not let some people fool us in the name of national integrity.

    National integrity has been used like a personal property of some Shahs, Ranas and Bahuns.

    Ranas used to preach about National Integrity and they were the first people to leave Nepal when they came out of power. Shahs will also do the same. If Nepalese people decide to go for republicanism, the very next day you will find most of the Shahs heading to foreign land with their blood money.

    मन परे हरियो, नपरे रातो Thumb up 0 Thumb down 1

  • Newar from UK

    Infidel,
    Thanks for your informative comments.

    The people that you mentioned ant the people that I mentioned are entirely different.
    The people that you mentioned are Muslim Businessmen and traders, many of whom are settled in Indrachowk (alltogether they are around 700 of them living there) and many other muslims who might have left Nepal by now.

    The muslims that I mentioned are Pahadiya Muslims, many of whom are still living in Syangjha. These are the ones that were used by Prithivi Narayan Shah.

    Another point is that though you seem to have knowledge on history, you have distorted the history a bit to support your arguement.

    My friend, Muslims from Iran (Persia) are Shia Muslims and muslims who got land from Royal Family were Sunni Muslims. You have mixed them both in the same category to make it look like previous kings were the ones who invited foreigners in the country.

    Of course, many foreigneers might have entered Kathmandu for trade, as Kathmandu was a trading point between Tibet and India, however what I am mentioned is that Prithvi Narayan was the one who invited them for Violent activities.

    मन परे हरियो, नपरे रातो Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0

  • dev

    We nepalese are like this only. We always live in the past, talk about the past. We can never live in the present and can never think about the future. That’s why we are so under developed and backward.

    मन परे हरियो, नपरे रातो Thumb up 1 Thumb down 1

  • friend

    We have read and we were always taught that Kings of Nepal are only the sign of unity for Nepal. We Nepali people never realise that because of monarchy Nepal is always poor and non developed country. Monarchy always exercise power to keep all power on them and never thaught about development of country. Monarchy always cheated Nepalies and politician of Nepal and want to make Neplalies as their domestic dog.
    Now we knew few from this article that SHAHA dynesti in Nepal were not heros they are zeros of Nepal, who are spoiled potato.

    मन परे हरियो, नपरे रातो Thumb up 1 Thumb down 0

  • yuva

    पृथ्वि नारायणका यि कुराहरुमा लेखकको के बिचार छ नि?
    १-घुस खाने र दिने रास्ट्रका दुश्मन हुन्।
    २-बिदेशि महाजन हैन स्वदेशि पुजिपतिको हीतमा राजाले काम् गर्नु पर्छ।
    ३-यो देश सबै जातको साझा फूलबारि हो।
    ४-नेपाल दुइ ढुङ्गा बिचको तरुल् हो तेसैले बिदेश नीति सन्तुलित हुनु पर्छ।
    आदि आदि—

    के यि बिचार हरु गलत् हुन?

    आफ्नो एउटा प्यारो भाइ को मृत्यु र आर्को भाइको आंखा फुटालिदियेको झोंकमा केहि किर्तिपुरेहरु माथि बदला स्वरुप केहि अत्याचर गरे भन्दैमा सबै नकारात्मक नै लेखिदिने? लडाइमा अलि अलि येस्तो त भै हाल्छ नि। के आधुनिक् कालमा येस्ता घटनाहरु भएकै छैनन्? सेना र माओबदिहरु अस्ति सम्म के गर्दै थिए, बिर्सिसक्नु भो महाशय?

    मन परे हरियो, नपरे रातो Thumb up 3 Thumb down 1

  • mahesh

    so what do you want to prove by this article? Are you saying unification of Nepal was totally wrong?

    What was the past political situation? Wasn’t every ruler doing the same thing what Prithivi did? It was the policy of survival and if you were born on that period you would have justified it.

    Yes history are not always plesant but there are some incidents which we should accept because it did good for the nation.

    What gyanendra did at 21st century was not as per the norms of current world so we are against him.

    If you think unification was wrong then why not raise the voice for seperate country for each country unified that period.

    मन परे हरियो, नपरे रातो Thumb up 0 Thumb down 0

  • infidel

    Newar from UK एउटा सानो करेक्सन चाँही गरौं है, मुसलमानहरु नेपाल कसरी भित्रे भन्ने बारे तपाईँले जुन कुरा गर्नुभयो, त्यो अलि हावाताले भयो है। १५औं शताब्दीको अन्त्यमा राजा रत्नमल्लको पालामा मुसलमानहरुको नेपाल प्रवेश भएको हो। सबैभन्दा पहिले काश्मिरीहरु, अनि पर्सियन अनि इराकीहरु त्यहि ताका लाम लगाएर नेपाल छिरेका हुन्। इन्द्रचोकमा देख्नुभएको राकी बजार छ नि, हो त्यो इराकीहरुले त्यो ताका राखेको नाम हो।

    पश्चिमे चौबिसे राजाहरुले अफगान र भारती मुसलमानहरुलाई आफ्नो सेनालाई तालीम दिनका निम्ति काममा राखेका थिए। काश्मिर, लद्दाख र ल्हासा बीचको कार्पेट, सल र अन्य ऊनी सामानहरुको कारोबारबाट फाइदा उठाउन राजा रत्नमल्लले काश्मिरी मुसलमानहरुलाई नेपाल आउन आमन्त्रण गरेकाथिए। सन १५२४मा यिनै काश्मिरीले नेपालको पहिलो मस्जिद काश्मिरी तकियाको निर्माण गरेकाथिए।

    दिल्लीमा मुगल न्यायपालिकाहरुको देखासिखि गर्दै मल्लहरुले आफ्नो न्यायपालिकामा समेत भारतिय मुसलमानहरुलाई courtiers र counsellorsको पदमा राखेकाथिए जसले गर्दा नेवार समुदायमा ठूलो विरोध भएकोथियो। यसका साथै मल्लहरुले ठूलो संख्यामा भारतिय मुसलमानहरुलाई संगितकार र गर-गहना, perfume सम्बन्धि विशेषज्ञका रुपमा आफ्नो दरबारमा राखेकाथिए।

    हिन्दू राजाबाट मर्ने डर र मल्लहरुसँगको साँठगाँठले गर्दा “एकीकरण” प्रयासहुँदा धेरैजसो मुसलमानहरु नेपाल खाल्डोबाट भागेका थिए। बाँकी रहेका मुठ्ठीभर मुसलमानहरुमध्य मल्ल दरबारमा राम्रो पहुँच भएका केही मुसलमानहरुलाई, पृथ्वीनारायणले मल्लराजाहरुको विरुध्द जासुसि गर्न हातमा लिएका थिए। अनि नेपाल हानिसकेपछि पुरस्कारस्वरूप मुसलमानहरुलाई अहिलेको TC Campus निरको जग्गामा मस्जिद बनाउने अनुमतिपनि पृथ्वीनारायणले नै दिएकाहुन्, महेन्द्रले होइन।

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  • Newar from UK

    अर्को एउटा कुरा सबैले याद गर्नु पर्ने हो कि शाह बन्श्: ले तेस् बखत का जनजाती हरु बिच फूट हाल्ने काम मात्र नगरिकन आफ्नो देश भरत (India) र आफ्नो धर्म यानी ईस्लाम धर्म का मेर्सेनेरी (Mercenary, पैस को लागि लद्ने हरु) मुसलामान हरु लाई नेपाली हरु को बीरोध मा लाध्न को लागि भारत बाट ल्याएका थिए ।

    यि मुसल्मान हरु लाई बिशेषत गोला बारुद र हतियार बनाउन को लागि ल्याएका थिए । अहिले सम्म पनि यि मुसल्मान का सन्तान हरु नेपाल को पहाडी जिल्ला जस्तै स्यङ्झा (Syangjha) मा बसोबास् गर्दै छन्, र देख्नमा इनिहरु मधेश् का नेपालि मुसल्मान् भन्दा निकै फरक् देखिन्छ र पहदिया जस्तै देखिन्छ्, तर धर्ममा भने इनिहरु कटर् मुसल्मान् छन्।

    अब वहाकै बन्शका महेन्द्र ले मुसल्मान् हरु प्रति महान् उदारता देखएर दरबार् मार्ग जस्तो Kathmandu को मुटु पर्ने thaun मा मुसल्मान् हरु को लगि मस्जिद् बनाउन को लगि जग्गा प्रदन् गर्नु भयो। मुसल्मन् हरु लाइ जग्ग प्रदन् गरेको मा मेरो कुनै अपति छैन तर यो जग्गा कश्मिरि मुसल्मान् हरु लै प्रधान् नगरिकन नेपल् क मधेसि मुसल्मान् हरु लै दिनु पर्ने थियो।

    तेस्सैले पृथ्वि नारायण् को नेपाल् को लागि नभै अफ्नै स्वार्थ् को लागि नेपालि-नेपल् नेपाली लाई लदये, अझ इन्ले पो बिधेशिलाई नेपाल मा ल्याएर नेपाली हरु लाई नरशन्हार गर्ने काम गरे । एत्रो बिदेशी हरु ल्याएर पनि युद्द गरेर नेवार हरु लाई जित्ने हिम्मत इन्ले कहिले पनि गर्न सकेनन् र सबै नेवार् हरु इन्द्र जात्रा को चाद् मनाइ राखेर आफ्नो पुजा पाठ् मा लगेको बेलम कथ्मन्दु मा आक्रमन् गरे। अरु पुजा पाठ् मा लागेको मौकामा आक्रमन् गर्ने त काएर् ले मात्र गर्छन्, र पृथिवि नरयन् पनि कायेरै हुन्। र हमि सबै मुर्ख भयेर पुजा पाठ् मा लगेको मन्छे लाइ अक्रमान् गर्ने ब्येक्ति लाइ नै उल्टो नारायण् को अवतार् मन्छौ। देखि हाल्योउन् नि कस्ता कस्ता अवतर् हरु जन्मे अब अर्को महान् अवतार् त पारस् हुनु हुन्छ, अब सबै ले वहान् लै पनि नारायाण् को नै अवतार् मन्ने होला नि होइन, अखिर् वहान् को पुर्खा ले एकिकरन् गरेको जो पर्यो।।

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  • ashok

    thanks for the writer of this piece of history to bring to bring it to the light.. but its seems to me like more fiction than the facts.i have suggestion for this writer to pen down a beautiful novel like the one written by diamond shamsher rana.

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  • abhishek, Japan

    The most excellent blog about the hidden history of Nepal. Millions of thanks Munakami Ji.

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  • suku

    I remember reading a similar type of article about atrocities of Prithvi Narayan Shah in a Friday supplement of the Rising Nepal (yes I think it was in Rising Nepal !!) about 10 yrs ago. The article had cited different foreign historians who had witnessed hundreds of bodies hanging from trees and on the spot execution of hundreds of people during the time when Kathamndu was taken over. Does anybody remember that article???

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  • kapilwasti

    वा वा वा वा अतिनै रोमान्चक छ लेख , धन्यबाद छ लेखककारलाई , क्रमश रहेछ खुशि लाग्यो कति बेला अपटेड हुने हो भनेर प्रतिक्षा मा बस्ने छु , यो मण्डलेहरु ले जे भने पनि भनुन केहि छैन . अनि कमेन्ट कति राम्रो लेख्नु भएको साथि हरुले अतिनै सान्दर्भिक लाग्यो मलाई धन्यबाद छ यहा हरुलाई पनि,,,,,,,,,,,
    कपिल वस्ति

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  • Bijay

    खबरदार साथीहरु,
    विभिन्न जनजाति अनि भाषाभाषी रहेको देशमा सानो तिनो भेदभाव अनि तल माथि त हुन्छ नै. एक पटक सोच्नुस त, हामी २१औं शताब्दीमा पनि जात-भात छुवाछुट आदि इत्यादि प्रथाहरु बिच मै झुलि राखेका छौं.हामीले आफ्नो मानसिक विकास त गर्न सकेका छैनौं भने भौतिक विकास कहिले गर्न सक्छौं? हामी यसरी नै एक आपसमा मनमुताब, झै-झगडा गरि राख्ने हो भने हाम्रो विकास कहिल्यै सम्भव छैन.त्यसकारण यस्ता कुराहरुमा नअलमलिकन नया नेपालको विकासतिर हामी लम्कौं. यहि नै हामी सबैको दायित्व पनि हो.
    अर्को महत्वपूर्णॅ कुरा, उमेशजीलाई बारम्बार सचेत गराउंदै आएको छु,यस्ता जनजातिप्रति लक्षित लेखहरु प्रसारण नगरिदिनु हुन.उमेशजीको यो ब्लग चलाउनुको उद्देश्य जे भए पनि हाम्रो उद्देश्य चाहिं सुन्दर, शान्त ,बिशाल नेपाल नै हुनु पर्छ है त साथीहरु.
    नया नेपाल

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  • Ravi from Germany

    You can learn something form the past but you can not drag them wiht you in your whole life ,look forword, look for the bright future and then tried to make a new history . ( gaade ko murda kina pheri khanirakheko ? )

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  • sunil joshi

    शाहहरु धेरै पिछडिएका जाति हुन् । प्रमाणका लागि भन्ने हो भने अहिले सम्म नेपालमा देश बिकाशका लागि कुनै राम्रो योजना दिन सकेका छैनन् । जति बनाए मल्लका पालामा मात्र भए। प्रमाणको रुपमा तपाँइहरुले काठमाडौंका गल्ली गल्ली, टोल टोलहरुमा देखिरहनु भएको छ । शाहहरु र राणाहरुलाई षढयन्त्र, मार्नु र लुट्नु वाहेक अरु केहि आउँदैन थियो । विकाश र अर्थतन्त्रको concept नै थिएन उनीहरुमा । नत्र भने मल्लहरुका पालामा शहरी बिकाशमा कुनै युरोपियन शहरहरु भन्दा कम नदेखिने काठमाडौंको हालत आजको दिनमा यस्तो हुनेनै थिएन।

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  • karki D.

    यो सब बकबास हो | फोकटका हाबादारी उडन्तेकुराका पछिलागेर आफ्नो अमुल्य समय खेर फालिरहेका छन धेरै जसो साथिहरुले | तर्क र बास्तबिकताभन्दा बहिर गएर एक आपसमा बेसुरको आक्षेप लगाएर बस्नुभन्दा केहि सृजनशिल र समाज परिबर्तनको रुपरेखा कोर्नुपो उचित होला त | हाल नयाँ नेपालको निर्माणमा जुटेकोबेला यस्लाइ कसरि सहि ढंगले सारा नेपाल र नेपालीको मुहारमा उज्यालो आउने प्रकारको परिबर्तन ल्याउन सकिन्छ भन्ने सोच्नुपर्ने बेलामा धुले गफका पछडि लागेर केहि हुने होइन | कोहि अर्को देशमा हुन्थे भन्ने,कोहि यसो गर्न सकिएन-उसो गर्न सकियन भन्ने,कोहि बाइस चौबिस ठिक भन्ने,कोहि जात का कारणले सकियन भन्ने,कोहि पृथ्वी नारायणले लडाइगरेर दुश्मनको नाक काट्ने,खेदने ग-यो भन्ने यि सब नाच्न नजान्ने आगँन टेढो जस्तै हो जस्तो लाग्यो मलाइ | तर कसैको भने तार्किक शक्ति प्रसंसनिय देखियो | विश्व २१औ शताब्दीमा छ हामि चाहि १७औ शताब्दीको बिषयलाइ लिएर बहस गरिरहेका छौ |यो बहशको केहि उपलब्धी छ? जे हुनु\नहुनु थियो त्यो भैसक्यो अब अहिलेको बर्तमानले हाम्रो भविश्यकता लादैछ? र हाम्रो भाबि नेपाल कस्तोहुनुपर्छ?नेपालको विश्वमा पहिचान कस्तो हुनुपर्छ? भ्रष्टाचार निर्मुलको अचुक ओखति के हुन सक्छ? हाम्रो दाश मानसिकताबाट माथि कहिले जान सकिन्छ? हामि बास्तबिक शासक कसरि र कुन अबस्थामा हुनसक्छौ? अब पनि कुनै एकले हाम्रो अधिकार हरण गर्न सक्ला कि? हालका देश संचालकले बाटो बिराय के गर्ने? भोलि नेता र कर्मचारि मिलेर हामि माथि पुनः शोषण,अन्याय,अत्याचार जस्ता गतिबिधि जारि राखे के गर्ने? कुशल शासकको पहिचान कसरि गर्ने? यस्ता याबत जल्दा-वल्दा विषयहरु हाम्रा सामु छरपष्ट छन,यिन लाइ कसरि एकिकृत गर्ने? यि त भए अहिलेका कुरा | म ईतिहासको बारेमा कुरा तब गर्ने छु, जब हाम्रा यि लेखकले आफ्नो लेख पुरा गर्ने छन |

    धन्यबाद !!!!!!!!!!!!!

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  • श्वेत तारा

    अब यो २ सताब्दीभन्दा पुरानो कुरा कोट्याएर के फाइदा? त्यसमाथि यसमा कत्तिको तथ्यता छ भन्ने कुराको पुष्टि हुन त बाँकी नै होला। यो कुरा सहि नै भएपनि इतिहासमा क्रान्ति र परिवर्तनका घटनाहरुमा क्रुरता, हत्या, झुठ र ठगि नभएको कमै पाइन्छ। रामायण र महाभारतमा त कयौंले ज्यान गुमाय भने कलि युगको के कुरा।

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  • nabin shrestha

    AFTER LONG TIME I READ THE ARTICLE,WHICH I LIKE MOST.THANKS TO WRITER ,HOPING TO READ MORE ABOUT THAT WHICH WE DONT KNOW.
    ITS RIGHT OR WRONG ITS THE WORK OF “SO CALLED ITIHASKAR” OF PANCHAYETI ITIHASKAR..
    PLEASE ,SATHIHARU DONT COMMENT SO CHEAP WAY ,ITS ABOUT PN SAHA ,NOT ABOUT GYANE .
    AGAIN THANKS TO BLOGERS AND PAHUNA WRITER.

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  • Deepak

    “bhalu ko ris khanya mathi”. gyane le garda bichara mareka raja haru le pani cheer shanti napaune bhaye.

    let’s wait for sometime what gyane is going to do. he is in wait and see situation. gyane lai back drop garna gyane kai history explore garaun na la.

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  • bidrohi

    this is really goog articles
    i also heard about this before..
    and my grandparents had used to talk about like kipatpratha…. in limbuwan area shah dynasty never won but make cmpromise with kipapratha but that also snatched by mahendra .. n making all rai limbu as hindu .. if not being hindu they slaughter all whoever against shah and hindu…
    history is still exist…… we can search this in foreign writer who wrote about nepalese history…
    n have so many proof …
    so thank for this articles..
    even more disclose all shah’s black deed……

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  • Arun Gurung

    Article is good and many untold truths of history were exposed. Thanks to puspa jee! Truths must be exposed whether they are in favour or against of anybody. Let people judge them. But I love nepal, and proud of being nepali.
    We have to build new nepal where every person will have equal oppurtunity to develop and live peacefully. God bless us all!

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  • mohan

    pushpa ji ko lekh sahi ra galat ke ho naya nepal ko nirman kram ma itihaskar le chuutaunae chhan tara ahile samma padhi aaye ko itihas bijeta ko matra thiyo bhhane kura ma duimat huna sakadain.itihas ka ramro ra naramro kura lai ahile correction garna sakidain tara itihas je jasto bhye pani aadhyan ta hunai paryo.pushpa je le lekheko kura ma purbagraha kin? itihas ko aadhyan wa jankari arko dristikon bat aayo bhandai ma desh bivajan hunchha bhane socha aaunu bhane ko yathasithibadi soch ho ra shah bansh le matra nepal ko intigreation garna sakchha bhannu jastai ho,jun dridra mansikta ko upj matra ho.nagarik ko desh prati bhawnatamak lagaw nabhaye samma desh ko sahi intigreation hun sakdain ,nepali bhasa ma bolyo ra daura suruwal lagaudai ma rastriya yekata hun sakdain.think in broadway and brodsense,it will be better for country and better for us.language and origin is secondary thing ,felling for country is the first and main thing.think for world brotherhood ,think for humanity.
    mohan.

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  • आशामान

    ZZ ji,

    कता बेपत्ता हो? क्या सटीक कमेण्ट । I agree with you 100%. It is hypothetical to assume Nepal will be dissolved under indian umbrella if Prithvinarayan had not extended boundary of Gorkha. If British had plan to invade Nepal, they would not have gone back after winning the important fort at Butwal-syuraj, from where they could have easily arrived into kathmandu valley within 48 hours. So, the whole history taught to us in our school is nothing but completely fabricated story that praises the Shah dynasty on false base.

    बरु नेपालमा २२ से २४ से राज्य नै भएको भए आजको जस्तो दुर्गति भोग्नु पर्थेन होला । हरेक राज्य आफै develop गर्न competition गर्थे होला । अहिले चर्चामा रहेको संघिय राज्य, जातियता स्वायत्तता प्रदेश जस्ता अवधारणाले पनि शाहबंशको केन्द्रिकृत शासन बिपरीत त्यो भन्दा अगाडिको जस्तो स्वतन्त्र स्वायत्त र स-साना राज्यकै वकालत गर्छ । यस बारेमा यहाँको के बिचार छ ?

    जे होस मलाइ तपाइको कुरो एकदम चित्त बुझ्यो ।

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  • Guru Prasad Dhakal

    आफले असल काम गरेर होइन कि अरुलाई खराब देखायर आफु असल देखिन खोज्ने प्रवृति त्याग्न सके कति राम्रो हुन्थो होला .

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  • hemanta chemjong

    ya! from starting time of shaha in nepal, every king can’t try to do better for nepal. they always want to make people as slave .and they want to make themselves as god.so they want to make people below the leg.so pritvi narayan shaha had given continuety of CHAR JAAT CHHATTIS BARNA.shaha bansa nai nepal ko lagi sarai kharab ho. if shaha bansa might not b in this country , our country would b great developed country than now.ajha samma pani raja kanun vanda mathi chha so . king can’t b coverred by the law of nepal.that is main intention of shaha.so i agree about it. all shaha kings are more cruel than decoits. if they think country nepal as their own, they can do easily. each person has the good feelings about his/her house. but shaha bansa always shows behave as foreigner.neither gyanendra nor paras has such type of thought which makes nepal as great in every subject.it is suitable time to throw down them to hell. in this time ,our leaders shold b right to country.then every person of this country cn support him.

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  • myyogen

    जे होस् यसपालीको ब्लग प्रसन्सानीय लाग्यो ।

    साच्चै नै ईतिहास भनेको जित्नेहारुको घोडा हो ।

    तर एउटा के कुरा बिर्सनु हुन्न भने सत्यलाई पातालमा लुकाएर राखेकोछ भए पनि एक दिन सबैको सामुन्ने आएर छोदछ । सत्य भनेको सुर्यको प्रकाश हो त्यो कसैको हत्केलाले छोपेर छोपिन्न, हो समय, काल्, परिस्थितीको कारणले गर्दा केही समय लाग्न सक्छ । तपाईं हरुले सुन्नु भको होला ।

    ‘You Can’t Fool All of the People, All of the Time’

    उमेशजीलाई धन्यवाद दिनै पर्छ ।
    आसा गरौ अर्को ईतिहासलेख्नेहरुले फेरी आउने भाबी सन्ततिहरुलाई अध्यारोमा राख्ने काम नगरोस् ।

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  • globetrotter

    Hi Guys,

    Note that every history in every country or family has a bad incident hidden somewhere (that includes you and me too!) It is too baiased to link these facts keeping in view of the recent turn of events in Nepal. I’t’s always good to be informed of the bitter past; but we should also be thankful for the present and hope for the best in future.
    Jai Nepal! GT

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  • Mr ZZ,

    I do admire your comments. You have correctly pointed out the truth behind the historical unification of Nepal. The history written by Babu Ram Acharya was to appease king Mahendra and his shah dynasty. The history of Nepal has to be rewritten in correct format on basis of historical evidence but not to appease the rulers.

    Nepal would never have become the part of India even when British took over the country. Nepal that time was distinctly a separate country and it was never a part of Mughal Empire. Nepal has a long history of independence and it goes right back to a recorded prehistory. During Lichhavi era, it is a recorded fact that Nepal was extended up to Ganga river in the south. During Yaksha Malla, he once again extended its border and to have control or proper administration of the whole Nepal, he divided Kathmandu valley mainly into three countries such that each part would have extended control over other hilly regions in their domains and this was to ensure that people would prosperous as well within those countries. Each country started competing each other within the valley and made them prosperous but it also brought conflicts with each other and involved in quarrels. In fighting with each other also made them weaker to administer all regions in their domains. This in turn gave rise to princely states in hilly regions and slowly avoided direct rule from Nepal and finally became independent princely states.

    During Prithvi Narayan Shah’s time, Nepal was not only a highly prosperous country economically, it had a distinct culture, a distinct architecture, a distinct civilization away from Mughal empire. If British had taken over this country, it would definitely make a separate country by combining all hilly regions like it did a separate country for Burma. The history would have been quite different. It would have been highly developed country in such way that India would not have gut to interfere form time to time in our internal affaires.

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  • gokul vivas, - gorkha, - now - boston

    falam jati pagalera chahiyeko aakar jasto hatiyaar banauna sakinchha, tesari nai ti P.N. Shah le janataharulai galayera, shosera, chepara, thichera, kichera and gindera satayeka thiye bhanne yi yesta etihas ma luke kura khojmulak tarikale prakashan garaunu bhayeko ma JANATAKA BHAVANA KA SIPAHI – Umeshg lai muru muri dhanyabad. ek prakar ko purkhauli sanskaar basera mannu pareko matrai ho rajtantra vanne bhut aja samma bahna paune kichkanne kaha thiyo ra ? tara je hosh yesko shraddha garna paun MAHA JJODI le chhittai nai, yeti nai kurne bela chha aba hamro bikalpa.

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  • ** Some more Information on Untold story of Prithvi Narayan Shah **

    After Prithvi Narayan Shah captured Kantipur (Nepal) violently, Jaya Prakash Malla ran away to Lalitpur. In Lalitpur, there were six Pradhans who were dominating the affairs the country. King Tejnarshima Malla of Lalitpur and Jaya Prakash Malla did not feel comfortable with those Pradhans and they left Lalitpur and went to Bhaktapur to take refuge with king Ranjit Malla.

    Lalitpur left without a king and hoping that Prithvi Narayan shah would not attack violently, Pradhans of Lalitpur invited him to become the king of Lalitpur. With help of these Pradhans, he took over the throne of Laitpur. When Prithvi Narayan Shah was leaving for Kantipur, he then ordered massacre of Pradhans. One pradhan managed to run away and spent overnight at Bhagabati’s temple at Kritipur. He then went to northern part of India from where 2000 of Prithvi Narayan Shah’s mercenary force had come. As he was not feeling comfortable in northern India, he went to Persia (Iran) to live in.

    Prithvi Narayan Shah ransacked Nepal completely by violence. The economically highly prosperous Nepal came to a grinding halt. He killed off anybody considered to be antagonist to his rule in such a way that no one could dare to come forward to assist the affairs of the country. He not only looted properties of business people but also plundered properties of Swayambhunath temple and other well known temples.

    There were no good administrators left to run the country. There were no body to run the foreign affairs department (Munshi Khana) properly. After 7-15 years later, during king Ran Bahadur Shah, the rulers felt vacuum in foreign affairs policy. Once they came to know that one of Pradhan of Lalitpur was living in Persia, they invited him back to Nepal and asked him to run the foreign affairs department (Munshi Khana). The offsprings of this same known as Munshi Pradhan were running Munshi Khana till BS 2007.

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  • KLA

    no problem bro we got unified by this psycho killer, but the cause for unification was not for overall nationalism. he had declared once as ‘nepal is the true hindustan’, we can understand wat he means by that. and they really oppressed the once mighty janjati rulers to max. look at the constitution, state laws of then janjatis its no more difference than todays modern constitution in terms of equity in gender, caste and other stuffs. he could hav done nothing without his magar n gurung army, his khas army couldn’t even win nuwakot. he had allowed federal state to pallo kirat. this arseholes made a treaty with british to provide gurkha troops, one of the reason was to avoid any REVOLUTION they might bring and other being royalties. the only people that benifited from this unification was bahun, chettri, thakuri,shah n thier people. thats why we need FEDERAL system, this was wat prithvi narayan shah had allowed in limbuwan, at present should be implemented in whole country wide…LONG LIVE FEDERAL NEPAL AND LIMBUWAN…..

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  • Chetan

    ZZ Ji,

    You just wrote the fact. I really support your comment. This is the high time for all to correct their mistakes in the past. However, with the “Mirror of Error” if the responsible individuals do not take the necessary course of actions in their daily jobs in today’s critical time, I bet there will be a great bloody “CIVIL WAR” in this peace land Nepal or Whatever…doesn’t make different…as long as there is an individual dying for daily meals…there is a ghuskhoris, bhrastacharis being felicitated, stupids are being made leaders…

    Be Careful all those who lost the powers and who got the powers in your hand……

    A day shall come to pay back…..

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  • ZZ

    यस्तो यथार्थपरक तथ्यहरु खोजिखोजी ल्याएकोमा पुष्प मुनकमि लाइ धन्यवाद । उमेशलाई पनि धन्यवाद यो लेखलाई ठाउँ दिएकोमा ।
    यो लेखको बिरोध गर्नेहरुले २ कुरा उठाए १) रेफेरेन्स (प्रमाण) खोइ? २) अत्याचार गरेर भएपनि पृथ्वीनारायणले गरेको एकिकरण राम्रो कुरो हो । मलाइ यो दुबै कुरो वहियात् लाग्यो । किनकि :

    १) रेफेरेन्स तेर्स्याएर कुरा गर्ने हैसियत नेपालको कुनै पनि ईतिहासकारहरुसित छैन, किम्बदन्ती, भोजपत्र, शिलापत्र, ताम्रपत्र, तिप्पणि, जस्ता कुराहरुको सिल्सिलेवर लेखोट नै नेपालको ईतिहास हो । के बाबुराम आचार्यले भनेका सबै कुराहरु प्रमाणित गर्ने चुनौती लिन कोइ तयार छ?
    चीनमा ईतिहासको अभिलेख राख्न राज्यले नै ब्यबस्था गरेको हुन्थ्यो, जस्ले राजाबिरोधी कुराहरु पनि जस्ताको तस्तै लेख्ने अधिकार पाएकोथ्यो । उहिले ताङ बंशको पालामा नै । नेपालमा अस्ती भर्खर सम्म ज्ञानेन्द्रले साचो साचो कुरो बोल्ने लेख्ने स्रष्टाहरुलाई लाठी मुङ्री बर्षाएर के हालत बनाइदियाथ्यो? बिर्स्यो? अनि तेस्ता शाषकहरुले गरेका अत्याचारको प्रमाण चाइयो तिमेरुलै? कस्तो रेफेरेन्स खोजेको? लाशलाइ जलाउने नभै गाड्ने परम्परा भएको भए शायद चिहान खनेर हेर भन्न मिल्थ्यो होला । जे जती प्रमाण आएका छन्, जस्तो चक्रकाजी तिमीला को लालमोहर, ती नै काफी छ शाह बंशको अत्याचारको भन्डाफोर गर्नलाइ ।

    २) पृथ्वीनारायणले राज्यबिस्तार गरेकोले अहिले नेपाल बनेको हो नत्र नेपाल ईन्डिया हुन्थ्यो भन्ने जस्ता हावादारी कुराको पछाडि मान्छे किन लाग्छ, मलाई थाहा छैन । अङ्रेजले जित्न नसकेर नेपाल छुट्टै राज्य बनेको भन्ने कुरा झूठ शिवाय केही होइन । के भुटान पनि अङ्रेज सित लडेर स्वतन्त्र देश बनेको हो तेसो भए? वास्तवमा अङ्रेजले चाहेको भए नेपाल कब्जा गर्न उस्लाई कुनै गार्हो थिएन किनकी नेपाली सेनाले ३ वटा मोर्चामा अङ्रेजको सामु घुडा टेकिसकेका थिए । तेसैले त तेत्रो जमिन गुम्यो नि । बाकी २ मोर्चामा लडाईं जित्ने बहादुर सेनापतिहरुलाई गायब पारेर हरुवा सेनापतिहरु अमरसिंह थापा, भक्ती थापा र बलभद्र कुंवर को तारिफगान गाउनु पछाडि भयंकर षड्यन्त्र थियो भनेर नयराज पन्त ले देखाइदिए, बुझेको खोइ? इष्ट ईन्डिया कम्पनीसित पहाडी भुभाग कब्जा गर्ने योजना नै थिएन, खाली भारत को समथर भूभाग कब्जा गर्ने योजना थियो, जस्मा उनेरुले सफलता हासिल गरेको थियो । सिक्किम भुटान जस्ता पहाडी देशले अङ्रेज सित लड्नै परेन । हुन सक्छ पृथ्वीनारायणले राज्यबिस्तार नगरेको भए, अथवा, बहादुर शाह ले नेपालको सिमाना बढाउदै बढाउदै नगएको भए नेपाल र अङ्रेज बिच युद्ध नै हुन्नथ्यो होला । तेसैले पृथ्वीनारायणले राज्य बिस्तार गरेर बेफ्वाँकमा नेपालीलाई अङ्रेजसित युद्धमा होम्यो, नेपाली जनताहरुलाई भाडाको सिपाही बन्न वाध्य पार्‍यो भनेर किन नभन्ने? पृथ्वीनारायणको सन्की लहडले गर्दा येत्रा नेपालीहरुले लडाईंमा ज्यान गुमाइ, शताब्दियोउसम्म दुख भोगे र संसार २१ औ शताब्दिमा पुग्दा पनि नेपाल १८औ शताब्दिभन्दा अगाडि बध्न सकेन । के यस्को दोषी पृथ्वीनारायण बाहेक अरु कोइ हो? तेसैले यो पञ्चायती शिक्षाले घोकाएको एकिकरण को महानता को गुणगान नगाएकै बेश ।

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  • Sanjay

    I totally agree with Nimish Karki (Spain). However I also want to add something that the cruelty of PN Shah and his army were too much against then vally people. That is the reason most Malla newars are not in vally anymore. Even if they are, they had changed their ‘Malla’ subcast because of that Shah.
    Anyway it is well said Histiry is written by winner. like JO JEETA WAHI SIKANDAR.

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  • त्यसैले भुपी सेरचनको खिया लगेको ईतिहास पढन मन नलगेको कविता जस्तो हो इतिहास । ईतिहास भनेको झुटो हुन्छ । ज्ञानेले मारेको बिरेको ईतिहास हेर न के त्यो सत्य हो र? होइन, म मात्र होइन सबैले त्यसो भन्छ्न के गर्नु अहिलेत केटाकेटीको बेलामा स्कुल मा पढेको सबै इतिहस् बेकार को कुर रहेछ जस्तो लग्छ। हातमा कलम हुनेले आफ्नो बरेम राम्रो नै लेख्न चाहन्छ नि किन आरु कुर गर्ने? सबै त्य्स्तै हो ।।

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  • गणतन्त्रवादी नेपाली

    हुतिहारा मण्डलेहरूको यहाँ घुमाउरो पाराले लेख्ने एउटा थेगो नै भइसकेको छ, जस्तै bidhaan लेख्छन्- I hate Gyaanendre, all Mandale and corrupt people … If there was no Prithwi Narayan, we would be a part of bloody India or pakistan, do you realize that?

    ज्ञानेन्द्रलाई घिनाउने bidhaan ले पृथ्वीनारायणको चाहिँ तलुवा चाट्ने? भारत र पाकिस्तान bloody मुलुक रे? नेपाल नि? एउटा भारतीय वा पाकिस्तानी नागरिकले पनि नेपाललाई त्यसै भनिदिँदा कस्तो महसूस हुन्छ?

    how much money did you get from Christian fathers? भन्ने bidhaan को जवाफ प्रश्न नै गरेर दिनसकिन्छः- How much money do you get from Gyanendra and Paras to post this kind of nonsense/cheap/idiotic comment?

    पृथ्वीनारायण नभएको भए भन्ने तर्क कल्पनामा आधारित छ। bidhaan भन्ने मण्डले नभएको भए के हुन्थ्यो? यो पुङ् न पुच्छरको घिनलाग्दो कमेण्ट यहाँ हुन्नथ्यो। बस् यति। तर मेरो संसार ब्लग र पुष्प मुनकःमिको लेख त हुने थियो नै।

    पृथ्वीनारायण नभएको भए अर्कै नारायण हुनसक्थ्यो, अथवा हामी स-साना राज्यमा बसोबास गरेका हुन्थ्यौं, अथवा भारत वा पाकिस्तानको सिमाभित्र हुन्थ्यौं, अथवा नेपाल नभनेर अर्कै नामले चिनिएको मुलुकमा हुन्थ्यौं। त यसले के फरक पर्थ्यो त जबकि नेपाल भन्ने अवधारणै नभएपछि?

    मूल कुरा त पृथ्वीनारायणले मिथिला प्रदेशोत्तर हिमाली काखमा रहेका स-साना राज्यहरूलाई अतिक्रमण गर्दा (कतिपयको भाषामा एकिकरण गर्दा) कुन हुदसम्म अत्याचार गरेका थिए र सो इतिहास कसरी लुकाइएको थियो भन्ने हो। २ सय ३८ वर्षपछि आज बल्ल प्रेस स्वतन्त्रता आएको बेला यस्ता कुराहरू लेखिँदै जानुपर्छ। पुष्प मुनकःमिको प्रयास सह्राहनीय छ। दुनियालाई थाहा छ, कोतपर्वको इतिहास बाहिर आउन राणा शासनको पतन नै पर्खिनु पर्‍यो।

    Prak भन्ने अर्को मण्डले खुनी शाहवंशको अनुहार नांगिदा रिसले जलेर यस्ता लेखलाई स्थान नदिन उमेशजीसँग रोइ-कराइ गर्दैछ। पुष्प मुनकःमिको लेख उमेशजीले रोकिहालेको भए अरूले छाप्थे। कम्तिमा नेपालको पत्रकारितामा लेखकले प्रकाशक होइन, प्रकाशकले लेखक खोज्नुपर्ने स्थिति निकै वर्षसम्म रहिरहने छ।

    मण्डलेहरू! वाक स्वतन्त्रता यसरी आफूलाई चित्त नबुझेको लेख रोक्न लगाएर कुण्ठित पार्न सकिन्न। पहिलो कुरा त उमेश श्रेष्ठ र मण्डलेहरूको बाटो नै दुई फरक दिशामा छन्। त्यसैले मण्डलेहरू यसरी यहाँ आएर “रोएर/चिच्याएर” समय वर्वाद पार्नुभन्दा एउटा छुट्टै ब्लग शुरु गरे हुन्छ। हिम्मत छ?

    अन्त्यमाः- पुष्प मुनकःमिजी, प्रयास जारी राख्नुहोस्। तपाईं जस्ताको जरूरी छ मुलुकमा। सम्भव भएसम्म सामग्रीको स्रोत उल्लेख गर्नुस् जसले तपाईंको आधार बलियो हुने छ।

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  • Sanzeeb S

    Prthvinarayn Shah expanded the Gurkha Kingdom which later became to be called Nepal whose name was derived from the Kathmandu Valley. Expansion of every kingdom by great and small kings is followed by bloodshed, repression, torture and the suppression of the vanquished. There were very few kings in the world that were wise and generous. Great king Ashoka was very cruel in the beginning. Arunjheb a Mughul king was very brutal. He tortured and slaughtered millions of Hindus in India. King Nero of Rome was a ruthless ruler. History books today give detail records of their cruelty and brutality. On the contrary the historians of the Panchayat Period who wrote most of the History books concealed all the evils of the Shah Dynasty. Shah Dynasty was portrayed as the savoir of Nepal and Nepali people. They portrayed the Shah kings and as wise, good and kind kings who took care of the country and the people very well. Their bad, cruel and brutal side was never told. Shah Kings from the time of Prithvi Narayn Shah were grossly preoccupied in internal feud. Because of this Janga Bahadur took the chance to start the Rana rule the darkest part of Nepal History. Cruelty and oppressive nature of the Shah Kings were concealed by the historians and now it is time for the people of Nepal to know the truth. I really appreciate Pushpa Munakami for the true information he had provided. I hope other historians and intellectuals will come forward to reveal the truth. We Nepalese people have the right to know the truth. Some section of the society who benefited from the caste oriented prejudice policy of the Shah Dynasty will not like what Pushpa Munakami wrote. But there is nothing to fear about now and the truth has to come out no matter what.

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  • student

    that was an interesting read….and one that made me write for the first time here….the author is correcto say that history is slave to the winners….hell, in current nepal, even the present seems to be slave to the winners, just look at Girija and Prachanda…the two of them share the biggest blame for getting nepal to where it is right now, and they are the biggest heros…

    there is no denying that war brings about cruelty….look what the japanese did to the chinese, the americans to the japanese, the europeans to the native americans, both south and north, the mugals in india, or coming back to home front, what the royal army and the so called jana sena did to the people of nepal….(by the way, did the jana sena or the royal army descriminate on the basis of ethnicity?? just a question)…so ya, PN may have done – and i say may because i do not know for a fact that he did, and you are welcome to present the proofs if you have them, mr. author-some really bad things during his crusade…hell, he may have been a cruel person who wnated nothing but a big country to rule over, but these many years down the line, we HAVE to appreciate the fact that he built nepal…if it was not for him, i have serious doubts as to wheter there would be a nepal now….and hence, we need to give him credit for that…as for the crulties go….they happen….doesnt mean that we should let them go, but that doesnt mean that we should undo what has become a country with its own idintity now.

    no offence, just my two cents

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  • Yam Bahadur Limbu

    It is an outstanding article in term of subject matter!! I appreciate the writer’s effort dedicated to compile the information. However, it is still not explicit due to the lack of enough evidences followed by required citations and references.
    Please keep it up with more indepth study.
    Thanks

    Yam Bahadur Limbu
    USA

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  • यसइ गरी ज्ञाने र परस् ले बिरेन्द्र को बम्स नै सखाब हुने गरी मरेको हो भन्ने कुरा सबै ले थाहा हुने गरी पेपर म चपियोस् । एही छ मेरो कामना

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  • Prof. Pyare Lall

    Pundit,
    You are wrong about the death of PN Shah. It was Jung Bahadur who took the wife of the local man when he was hunting Patharghatta and he died later on. PN Shah died in Deughat.But he was bedridden for about 11 days in Nuwakot and he died of mysterious desease of that time. It may be small pox or Malaria. Because he was suffering from high fever, according to history books. he was the man who dictated his DIVYA UPADESH so that future generation would not sell Nepal.

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  • Newar from UK

    कति प्रमाण चाँहीयो, काठमाडौं, ललित्पुर्, भक्तपुर्क (Bhaktapurko) मल्ल हरु सबै के तेसै हराए त। आज सम्म काठ्मान्डौ का मल्ल भनेको बिरलै भेतिन्छ। सुन्नमा त यो थियो कि पृथ्वि नारायन् ले सबै मल्ल हरु लाइ उनिहरुको अफ्नो दर्बार् (काठ्मन्डौ दर्बार्) मा एकै चिहान् पारेका थिए।

    अब प्रमाण् नै खोज्नु हुन्छ भने अहिले सम्म जनजाति (लामा, तामङ्, मगर्, गुरुङ्, राई, लिम्बु र नेवार् ) हरुको अहिलेको अवस्था ले नै झल्कौन्छ नि यि जनजति प्रति शाह हरु, राणा हरु र पन्चायति शाशक् हरु कति क्रुर् थिये भनेर।

    अहिले सम्म पनि इनिहरु लै देश् को लोक् सेवा, प्रहरि , सेना र राजनिति मा निकै पछादि रखेका छ। यो नै प्रमाण् होइन र शाह हरु र राणा हरुले खालि अफ्नो लागि मात्र फाइदा गरेर अरु सबैलाई पछादि धकेलेको।

    नत्र कुनै जमानाम अफ्नो समय भन्दा निकाइ अगदि पुगि सकेको नेवार् र जनजति हरु को नेपल् मा अहिले सम्म अफ्नो लगि अरछ्यन् मग्नु पर्ने अवस्था औन्थ्यो र। Shah, Rana, Bahun हरु ले जनजति हरु को खुट बान्द्ने मात्र काम् गर्यो।

    Free Competition भयेको भये देख्ने थियो यो शाह राणा हरु Armyको जर्नेल् कर्नेल् होइन अहिले पस्चिम् नेपाल् म भारि बोक्न को लागि मात्र लयेक् हुने थियो।

    येहि शाह बन्श र राणा शाशन् ले गर्दा हामि नेपलि हरु येत्ति पछदि परेक छौ। हेरौ भोलि को नेपाल् मा हमि सबै स्वतन्त्र हुने हो कि फेरि माओबाद्, बाहुनबाद्, छेतृइबाद्, झापाबाद्, चितवनबाद् बाट दुख पाउने हो।

    स्वतन्त्र र हिन्सारहित् नेपाल् को कामन गर्दै।

    A newly established thought about Discrimination states that one should not only state that there is discrimination but one should also show what has been done to eliminate discrimination and promote those who have been discriminated.

    In Nepal, complete discrimination against Janajatis (indigineous) people by rulers is what has happened !!!

    Unification was definitely good for Nepal, but it was specially good for those who got to live in castles of Mallas in Kathmandu, and those who made other castles fromt the tax imposed on poor people.
    Of course, if you are Rana, Chhetri and/or Bahun, Unification of Nepal meant free employment without any work………Great isnt it. That is how the current Nepali Government Staff are.

    All Ghus and no work !!!!

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  • Any how thanks to Pushpajee for prepearing and publishing this kind of long and interesting artical. Even it does not sound in historical point of views but it is hard to write.
    Every body agrees that there may things may lost during the war. We see even today.13000 nepalese are killed within few years.I am not a historien but I was a student of the history.Certainly PN Shaha and the Gorkhalis did many harms into the valley because the kings of the valley were very strong.In your artical you mentioned the Lalmohora and fine(jariwana)but you do not mentioned their gulties.
    Any how it is very hard to belive your writings.Since two centiries , we belive the present history, not blandly but the national high ranked histiriens had proofed them since. I do not want comment long because other friends above have already wrote the important of the unification and we are proud of be Nepali and indipendant NEPAL grace to PN Shah and the breve GORKHALI.Thank

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  • KKK

    WHO KILLED LATE KING BIRENDRA ????

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  • Newar from UK

    Newar Dynasty was much more civilized and rich than the barbarians of Prithivi Narayan, but sadly Newars were innocent enough not to go and attack others and jsut remained defending themselves.

    If Newars kings had continued to rule in Nepa:, it would have been a very prosperous place.

    Shah Dynasty and Rana Dynasty just blocked the path of progress of all Nepali people.

    History has proved it !!!

    Lets not forget we are least developed country in the world due to invasion of foreigneers (Shah) and Khas from India.

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  • Newar from UK

    These are sad but true facts.

    Shah Rulers were no worse than foreigneers.

    The history that we all read where Nepal has been unified to protect against foreigneers is nothing but nonsense.

    If you look at the history of Shah, they themseleves were Muslims from some part of India.

    Shah dynasty used DIVIDE AND RULE POLICY IN NEPAL.

    They used one group of indigenous people (Kirats, Magar, Gurung, Limbu, Lama, Rai, Tamang) as Gorkhali soldier to fight against the other group (Newars).

    Well after 10 generations, not only Newars but also LATAMAGURALIS are suffering. After 10 generations, both LATAMAGURALIS and NEWARS are having to come under the same banner of INDIGINEOUS PEOPLE (JANAJATIS) because certain rulers fooled them both.

    I am surprised that people dont want to face this fact even today.

    Truth is bitter, but we need to face it.

    How long should Newars and Latamaguralis be fooled by Shah-Bahunism…….its upto Newars and Latamaguralis to decide.

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  • By the way,
    I believe they have more bad deeds then good deeds.

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  • ksitiz

    bhiralo lage ko bagh lai kukur le pani lakhet cha bhane ko yehi ho…..

    satru baliyo bhaye ko bela aakraman gar nu sahashi ko kam ho tara satru mare ko bela aakraman gar nu …….

    Even if it happened, what we can do now? we were unable to do anything abt 2001 king birendra disaster except balming gyanendra. so this is the way of life…

    when maoist will hv bad time, things will come and people will come to tell the worst thing of maoist but not now.

    Definately, itihas jitne haru ko ghoda ho………

    hah ahaaaaaaaaaaaaa!

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  • Great piece of History about Shah Dynasty. It is great. But we also need to point out good deeds done by them. I don’t know that much about it but we need to compare the Good and the Bad about Shah dynasty. Just because the current Gyaane scrued up doesn’t mean that we have to point our fingers to their Ancestors and dig the bad things out. We need to dig out the good things as well and analyze which is heavier, then we can decide how to treat our History.
    Just a thought..

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  • subi

    राम्रो लेख को लागि धन्यवाद । तर तपाईंले साथ मा एति पनि खुलाई दिनु पर्‍यो कि यि सबै कुरा पूर्ण प्रमाण स्वरूप सावित गरिएका हुन कि कसैको सादा लेख मात्र हो । नत्र भने यो समाचार अर्को एउटा सन्सानी पूर्ण समाचार बन्न सक्छ ।

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  • youtom

    wao yo ta dami article chha ni yesto po hunuparyo ta articla morning time ma padera khusi lagyo.
    yo pritivi narayan saha(musalman jo bishnu ko aawatar re hahahhah),gyanendra( nepali raxchha) matra hoin birendra trivuwan sabai dusta raxchas hun ,
    tyo family nai hitler ko guud bhayeka hun
    sabai janta ko pasina ra ragat chusne hun
    yo kura ma chai girija babu lai sochna lagaunu parchha.
    tara j bhayepani nepal ko durgati saha bansa le gareko ho.
    aaba hamile padekai ho ni paila paila ktm bhaktapur ko development rate kati dherai thiyo

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  • Byas, USA

    पृथ्वीनारानको अत्याचारको नमुना उस्ले आफ्नो ससुरालीमा त देखायो
    हरुवा जनतालाई के छोड्थ्यो,
    जे होस यिनले नेपाल एक गर्यो, यी ग्याने त दाईलाई त छोडेनन
    जनतालाई त पाए काँचै खान्छनन्, पकाउन गिरिजा बाजे तम्सिएका छन क्यारे
    हेरम जनताले के गर्छन .

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  • ram

    There must have been cruel dealing of Prithvi Narayan as some has written above as Prachanda and company allowed 13000 people to die and e is hero now. Unification of country and present Nepal shape came. do we want again baise chaubise rajya in golbal village time? If we seroiusly read history of any country the poltical boundry and unification has been done by force and militarily in the past. Give me single hisotry where bloody war didnot take place to unify. We must admit that Prithvi Narayan should not have done what he did but look at the level of education at that time and look now. What is the difference after 250 years? Now also how maoists killed people how Kind used the force to make people disappeared. In above writing it looks fiction based on some facts like setobagh or basanti. He can be good fiction writer and all the best. At present when we have good intercommunal harmony, somebody is hell bent upon to destroy it by sowing seed of hatred. What we need is Nepal one country with unity in diversity not diversity with so called unity. Let me ask some question then where from Malla came to kathmandu? Who was first king of Kathmandu ? Were they Malla, Lichhachawi or Kirat? According Mahabharat, Yalambar was Nepals KIng and he comes from Kirat. Let us give Kathmandu to Kirat now if we go by history and prehistory if we talk this way. History has both negative and positive trats. We should continue postive and learn from negative not to repeat it. Higlighting negative side with some fictious addition would only damage the national harmony. When european union is trying to dismantle poltical boundires betwween its memebr countries we are starting to draw boundries within our own country perhpas without realizing how painful situation our next generations will suffer from our so called emotional and khyalkhyalko khelele.

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  • Pundit

    This is interesting to read, however does not sound very truthful to me at least. There is a big group of people who want to publicize certain issues from Kantipur attack as means to their political gain. However, I think we should appreciate that PN initiated to integrate present Nepal which is our home now. If he had not done that, can you imagine which country you calling home now? Given India’s structure, size, politics and interest, current Nepal would have been disintegrated into different parts- some belonging to West Bengal, some to Bihar and Rest to Uttar Pradesh. Now its your call to judge that, are we better off with PN’s did or worst?

    One hidden fact about PN Shah- our history tells us that he died while hunting but that is not true.
    Many Nepalese historians can preove that he was killed by one of his ‘Jaar’ (jasko srimati PN le bhagayeka thiye). Duirng hunting the ‘Jaar’, who was also army personnel, chopped PN’s head and killed him.

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  • Prof. Pyare Lall

    This article may be true in some part. But whole text is not correct and there is no references. In the course of the evolution of the national history, some people were killed in almost all the countries.I don’t know what PN Shah did was all correct, but at that time it was necessary to create a country called Nepal. Otherwise, today we would be walking with Indian passport and speaking Hindi Language in schools and Universities.If we believe our best of historians like Naya Raj Panta, Baburam Acharya and Gyan Mani Nepal, PN Shah is the most important person of Nepal during the last three centuries.

    That depends now whether you believe Pushpaji or the best historians the nation has produced. It is upto you to decide.It is better not to write second article.

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  • Gurung Arjun Hongkong

    Puspaji Thanks.to dig the histry.Tar malai lagchha ahile samma pani sansar yastai chha.BIJETA le BIJIT lai yastai byabahar gardai ayeka chhan chalcham garer bhayepani JO JITA O SIKANDAR.BIJETA ko naramro kura jahile pani lukainchha.Ahile pani hernus kati BEIMAN RAKSHS NETA haru chokhidai RAMRA khalidai chhan.tyo samaya ma PRITHWI NARYAN le bela anushar gare.yeutai kura SHAHA BANSA naramro sanga oralo lagyo.

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  • Prak

    Umesh Ji,
    Please dont give space to this kind of Bluff. Yes every body is against Gyanendra but dont balme Prithivi N Shah. If the writer is against him why dont you ask him for a solution to go back to Baise and Chaubse Rajjya.
    He is writing like he was there at the scene and other thing i also noticed that he is against Shahs and he is equally saying bad words for the people from GORKHA. Please ask him for any kind of proof with this author for the source of the information.
    I support Bidhan for his opinion.

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  • devi uk

    no no no
    he did well for nepal
    please do not turn the histry of hundreads year ago. it doesnt suit in this time —that time he did well.otherwise our nepal would have 22 and 24 kings.was that right things?the ways of doing,thinking,r dramatcally chage now.so please think about it.
    please findout and write a note about ———-what our grand grand grand dad did work that time.
    nevermind

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  • अतिनै दर्द्ननक दु:ख यहा प्रस्तुत गर्नु भएको मा यहालइ
    धेरै धेरै धन्यबद्!

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  • Suputra Nepal

    Before coming to any conclusion think how Nepal is still an independent country while hundreds of small countries in the region are part of India. And all the history you seem to have relied on is written by Foreigners. It seems while criticizing the Shah Dynasty we are forgetting how we are alive today. I think if that was not the case then the British would have taken Nepal and now all of you would be singing Jana Gana Mana.
    Kuro ko churo bujhna paryo sathi ho…emotion ma bahakinu bhaena.

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  • Mohan

    Interesting…could be true but who can verify?

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  • jamesBond

    If, the writer knew this before and he is publishing now then he is a darpook ….

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  • Bijay Dhungana @ Chicago

    Puspa ji,
    What is the basis & reference of this writing?
    It would be nice if you could have mentioned some references at the end.
    I like to ask whether you have similar “lukaieyeko Itihaas” with our other kings as well.
    Anyway, thanx for revealing such an important historical matter! Your research is appreciable!

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  • suman sharma

    We hate Saha Dynasty. We want federal republic.

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  • yuva

    लेखकका कुरा केहि हद् सम्म सत्य हुनसक्ला तर यस्मा अतिरन्जित् र पुस्टि नभयेका कुरा बढि देखिन्छन्। लेखक कै भनाइमा इतिहास भनेको बिजेता को भाषामा लेखिन्छ। हाल राजतन्त्र पराजित भयेको अवस्थामा तपाइको लेखले चाहिं वास्तविक्ता देखाउंछ भनि कसरि मान्ने? पढुन्जेल् भने रमाइलै लाग्यो।

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  • kandel

    its good to see so many historians. but could you tell me who could make the better nation unifier. everything happens after dream and ambition. he might have the personal ambition but it did good for the nation. you cant takeaway that from history. or is there any other part of it too??

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  • je hos purano itihaas ko kura thaha paaiyo, jyaadai ni khusi laagyo. tesko lagi many many thank umesh ji ra lekhak lai.

    best of luck such as these type of valuable thing. keep going.

    thanks once again.

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  • ramhari

    prithivi naryan saha le galti gare,K aba desh tukraune ta, pheri baise ani choubishe rajaya banauneta? jashama ek nepal lai manincha, tetikhera samma prithivinarayn sahale gareko kam lai desko lagi gareko mannai parcha, hoina galti gareka thie bhane,athaba desh ekikarad garda ko prayas lai galti bhanne ho bhane, desk tukraunu parcha, athaba prasta ruple desh tukrinuparcha bhanna saknu parcha.
    malai mero desko(ahileko nepal) maya cha tesaile nepal ko ekikaran garne prithivi saha ek tanasaha huda hudai pani adarnya chan. Mero salam cha prithivi naryan saha lai.

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  • Nimish Karki, Spain

    ज्यादै दु:ख लाग्दो गरी इतिहास प्रस्तुत गर्नु भएकोमा धन्यवाद!
    सबै युद्धका इतिहासहरु यस्तै क्रूर हुन्छन्.धर्मयुद्ध भनिएको महाभारतमा समेत (अझ भगवान कृष्णले समेत) छलछाम र झूटको बाक्लै प्रयोग भएको थियो. तर, नेपाल एकीकरण गर्नु गलत थियो भन्ने आशय झल्किने गरि चाहि नलेखेको भए पनि हुने. इतिहास यस्तै हो. हिजो भर्खर जस्तै गिरिजाले RNAC टाट उल्टाएको, सबै राष्ट्रिय उद्योगहरु बेचेको, कुशासनको चरम नमूना, अर्कै ढँगले प्रस्तुत भैसक्यो. तेह्र हजार निमुखालाई अकालमै परमधाम पठाइ हज्जारौँलाई उठीबास लाउने प्रचण्ड राष्ट्रिय मसिहा बनेर घुम्दैछन. दुनियाका आँखै अगाडी त्य़त्रो दरबार हत्याकान्ड भो, अझै मूल नाइकेलाई जोगाउन नौमन्त्र जप्दैछन. किन पृथ्वीनारायणलाई गाली गर्न मसी र समय खेर फाल्नु हुन्छ? पृथ्वीनारायणले त्यति नगरेका भए आज हामी पनि बोडो, नागा, तमिल जस्तै जातीय पहिचान र स्वतन्त्रताको लागि लडिरहेका हुने थिएनौ भनेर कस्ले guarantee गर्न सक्छ?
    फ्रेन्चले लेखेको कुरा चाहि आधिकारिक अनि नेपाली इतिहास चाहि हावादारी?
    ब्रिटिशले नेपालमा आक्रमण गरेर ठीक गरेको थियो?
    पृथ्वीनारायणले निश्चित रुपम काठमाण्डौवासी हरुमाथि अत्याचार गरेका थिए. तर आज आएर त्यही कुरासँग नेपाल एकीकरण नै गलत थियो भन्ने आशयको कुरा गर्दा के रमाइलो होला र!!!
    नकारात्मक चिन्तन पनि एउटा हद सम्म मात्र पाच्य हुन्थ्यो कि!

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  • Sushila Timsina

    समचार त पुरा सन्सनी मच्चाउने खालको रहेछ नी !!! तर यसमा कत्तिको सत्यता छ ??? लेखकसँग यसका केहि प्रमाणहरु पनि छन् कि कथा मात्र हो ?? ………..यो लेखले देशको इतिहासमा प्रश्नचिन्न खडा गरे जस्तो लाग्यो मलाई…………….

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  • KLA

    its not complete, he did more in eastern nepal. he just won ‘khambuwan’ with all his jaal jhel and never won ‘limbuwan’, but made a treaty instead that limbu r still rulers and have ‘kipat’ system in thier land. a promise was made with swalt n water that whichever party violates this thier whole generation shall perish. abviously shah dynasty violatesd it, in mahendras time they took it away from limbu, thats why some old limbu people says that its the same curse that happened with birendra, his whole generation persihed in single night. not only that this criminal, butcher prithvi narayan shah ordered to kill children n women of limbuwan. and after treaty even sent ‘janai’ to wear but limbuwan threw it away in tammar river. also culturally n religiously they tried to infiltrate with hinduism and bahunbaad. n many more. read the history of kumaun n almora n that regions, they hav portrayed this pritvi narayans gorkha army as evil and its true. all this unification shit was only for his, his familys n his clans interest, not for the overall people. the kind of history they teach us in schools is crap n propogonda, this arsehole should never be made hero…..

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  • bidhaan

    I hate Gyaanendre, all Mandale and corrupt people who support the so called king but it is stupid to blame the history. If there was no Prithwi Narayan, we would be a part of bloody India or pakistan, do you realize that?
    It is just racial slurrrrrr, to divide Hindu from Buddists, who are so much like one in nepal.

    pshpa muna kami, how much money did you get from Christian fathers? The Christian fathers who burnt women alive, enslaved black Africans and slaughtered millions of Native Americans in America? Good, that Prithwi narayan drove them out of our country otherwise they would enslave Nepali people the same way.
    Hindus have never attacked Buddists, they have always promoted Buddism. Shankaracharya never burnt the Buddist books. it is STUPID ARGUMENT. HEIGHT OF ILLITERACY.

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  • krishna

    shaha bansha ko sabai itihas nai yestai hune garchha.
    soja nepali lai bebkuf banauna sajilo hunchha ni ta tesaile.

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  • Ganatantra_nepal

    feel sad after knowing the hidden truth.

    Thanks for the information anyway.

    Jaya Nepal, Jaya Ganatantra

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  • Young Debit

    Can you update here on Mysansar same like this about Gyne ?

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  • ranjan

    …thanks pushpji..!…the article discloses the hidden fact…..but however…the truth should be identified.

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  • krishna kc

    hoina maila dai matra bhanako ta aunka purkha pani yasta dusta rahachan ho mani parcha nepal ka raja harulai jaso pani garna sakna

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  • Jharana Adhikary

    Nationality (RASTIYATA) ko pani Khyal Garnus hai!

    Jaya Nepal (United Nepal)

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  • khalid from Japan

    Thanks for the truth, which utlimately has to come outside one day.

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  • AS

    I completely agree with you on that slogan Guru. But I dont think the article here has got any relation to that. I believe that it is essential that one condemns and discourages wrong deeds. The problem in Nepal is that people accepts such deeds quietly just to please others (especially their boss or ministers etc)or for their own benefit(promotion, financial benefit etc). Nepal would have been a different place if people had courage to speak up against such thing rather then stay quiet and look asaal (as you put it) in front of others.

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